Economic Geologist

An economic geologist studies mineral deposits and the processes leading to their formation.

This information is extremely useful to mining companies as it helps them to locate and understand the nature of the resource they are mining.

Economic geologists apply geological principles to solve practical problems in the mining industry. Their training equips them to run the Geology department on a mine, and to organise a programme of prospecting in the field.

How to Enter

Schooling & School Subjects

  • National Senior Certificate meeting degree requirements for a degree course
  • National Senior Certificate meeting diploma requirements for a diploma course

Each institution has its own entry requirements.

What to Study

Degree:  BSc degree with appropriate subjects, such as Geosciences (Wits, NMMU), Earth Sciences (UWC, UZ), and Geology with Economics – most universities, Geomatics – UCT


  • mining companies
  • government departments – Geological Survey, Water Affairs
  • museums
  • scientific bodies e.g. Chamber of Mines, CSIR ? civil engineering firms
  • universities of technology and universities
  • consulting companies
  • Council for Mineral Technology (MINTEK)
  • self-employment, as a consultant

Further Information

The Geological Society of SA
P O Box 61809
Marshalltown, 2107
Tel: (011) 492-3370/1/2 Fax: (011) 492-3371

Getting Started

  • collect and study rock samples and read about this field
  • make an appointment to speak to an economic geologist about this type of career